The Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
provides a unique platform for engaging in a productive discussion in this field.

After the Ministerial on Productivity for Inclusive Growth held in Santiago de Chile on December 2016,
this second annual Ministerial Meeting of the OECD Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme
aims to bring together Ministers and High Level Officials in the fields of Social Protection, Planning,
Finance/Budget, to engage in a discussion on the inclusiveness of social protection systems in the region.



Gabriela Ramos

Gabriela Ramos is the Special Counsellor to the Secretary-General, the Chief of Staff and OECD Sherpa to the G20. Besides supporting the Strategic Agenda of the Secretary General, she is responsible for the contributions of the Organisation to the global agenda, including the G20 and the G7. She leads the Inclusive Growth Initiative and the New Approaches to Economic Challenges and also oversees the work on Education, Employment and Social Affairs (including gender). Previously, she served as Head of the OECD Office in Mexico and Latin America. In recognition of her efforts on inclusive growth and gender equality, Ms Ramos was awarded the Forbes prize for Entrepreneurial Excellence in June 2017.  She was also decorated with the Ordre du Merit by the President of France in 2013.

Prior to joining the OECD, Ms Ramos held several positions in the Mexican Government, including Director of Economic Affairs (and OECD issues) in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Technical Secretary at the Office of the Minister for the Budget.  She has also held several positions as Professor of International Economy at the Universidad Iberoamericana and at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México. Ms Ramos holds an MA in Public Policy from Harvard University, and was a Fulbright and Ford MacArthur fellow.

José Molinas Vega

José Molinas has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst (1997). From 1998-2001, he taught development economics and macroeconomics at both undergraduate and graduate level at the Catholic University of Asuncion (Paraguay), where he was also Academic Director of the Master’s Program in Economics. From 2002 until he joined the Bank in 2005, he was Director of Institute Desarrollo.
His fields of research include social capital, rural development, the political economy of social service delivery, economics of education, poverty analysis, and applied macroeconomics. He has published several articles and book chapters on the determinants of success for peasant cooperatives, rural land markets, macroeconomics and poverty, the political economy of the policymaking process, and social capital. His publications have appeared in World Development, the Political Science Journal, Economía y Sociedad, CoyunturaEconomica, the ECLAC DesarrolloProductivo Series, and as book chapters published by Edward Elgar Press, EUDEBA, Mundi-Prensa, Editorial Alfaomega, and the IADB.

Eladio Loizaga

Eladio Loizaga is Minister of Foreign Affairs of Paraguay since August 2013. He graduated from the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences of the National University of Asuncion in December of 1973, becoming a lawyer. He joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1967, serving in the Department of Treaty Organizations and International Acts. He was appointed First Secretary of the Embassy of Paraguay in Washington D.C. and to the Organization of American States in 1974. In 1979 he was Assistant to the Sub-Secretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

He was Director of the Department of International Organizations, Treaties and Acts since August 1981 and General Director of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1983. In June 1988, he resigned his position at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In April 1989, he was elected National Deputy for the Colorado Party, and in May of the same year he requested permission to the Chamber of Deputies to serve as Head of Cabinet of the President, General Andrés Rodríguez, until September 1992.

In April 1995, he was appointed Permanent Representative of Paraguay to the United Nations Organization in Geneva and to the World Trade Organization (WTO). In 1996, he was appointed Chairman of the Coordination Committee of the Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and Head of the negotiating team with the World Trade Organization regarding the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. In June 1998, he finished his duties as Ambassador in Geneva.

In June 1999, he rejoined as Adviser to the Minister of Foreign Affairs. From July 2001 to May 2009, he served as Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Paraguay to the United Nations Organization in New York. Since August 2009, he was an Advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

until October 2010, when he resigned from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and accepted retirement.

Lea Giménez

Is 121st finance minister of Paraguay. She is the first woman to hold this position in the country’s history. She is also the only woman holding this position in the Americas and the youngest finance minister in Latin America. In early 2016, she joined the country’s Ministry of Finance as Vice Minister of Economy marking her return to Paraguay after more than 15 years of living abroad. She was the first woman to hold this position.

Prior to her appointment as the Vice Minister, she worked as an Economist in the World Bank’s Poverty and Macro-Fiscal Global Practices. She led a number of programs and assisted several countries in Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean in developing and implementing policies and strategies to reduce poverty and promote equitable economic growth. Her work focused on institutional strengthening of public entities, institutional capacity building, the promotion of evidence-based policies, and improving the coordination across multilateral organizations to maximize the impact of their efforts. She has also served as an adjunct professor of economics at Lehigh University and as a lecturer at the University of Iowa. She has written and contributed to several articles in indexed journals, policy notes and reports in various areas and for a number of countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Caribbean, Colombia, Paraguay and Taiwan). Lea Giménez did both her undergraduate and graduate studies – funded by scholarships and assistantships – in the United States. She holds a Ph.D. degree in economics from Lehigh University and a Master’s degree in Economics from the University of Iowa. Her doctoral dissertation, Shocks and the Opportunities of Children, received the Elizabeth B. Stout Dissertation Award, for making an unusually significant and original contribution to economics.



Over 27 years of experience in Sustainable Development Policy, Programs and Projects for Developing Countries, development projects design and management, experience in multilateral economic negotiations. Bachelor’s Degree in Economics, Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Master’s Degree (M.A.L.D.) in International Economics,

Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts. Graduate of the Centro de Altos Estudios Estratégicos (Colegio Nacional de Guerra). Economic Advisor to the Paraguayan Embassy in Brazil, 1991. Vice Minister of Industry, 1996. Minister-Secretariat of Planning, 1998. General Coordinator of the Project on the Reform of the National Job Training System BID/OC-851 and National Director of the Project on Job Training PAR/00/004, Ministry of Justice and Labor, 1999. University Professor and Dean of the School of Economics, Universidad Americana. Advisor to international multilateral organizations IADB, UNDP, IOM, and World Bank.  Representative of the IOM to Paraguay. CEO of private businesses. General Director of the National Professional Promotion Service, August 2013 – March 2014. Acting Minister of Labor, Employment, and Social Security, December 2013 – March 2014.  Minister of Labor, Employment, and Social Security since April 2014.

Gina Magnolia Riaño Barón

Former Minister of Labor and Social Security, Minister of Health (E). With experience in formulating public social security policies, in the development of social protection systems in the areas of health, pensions, occupational safety and health and social services; in the implementation of processes of restructuring and modernization of the management and application of new technologies in public and private institutions.
Lawyer and specialist in social security and administrative law. Graduated from the Higher Management program at the Universidad de los Andes. Master in Management and Management of Social Security Systems and University Master in Management and Management of Social Welfare and Social Services of the University of Alcalá de Henares and the OISS. He studied cooperativism in Tel Aviv (Israel). Fellow of the European Institute of Social Studies of Switzerland.
She has held different positions in public administration. Professor in several Colombian universities. She is Director of the Master in Management and Management of Social Security Systems at the University of Alcalá de Henares and the OISS.
She has carried out several research on social policy issues and has authored and co-authored labor and social security laws in Colombia.
Mrs. Riaño has been elected as the first Latin American woman to lead the General Secretariat of the Ibero-American Social Security Organization, an International Organization that promotes the economic and social well-being of the Ibero-American countries through the coordination, exchange and use of their mutual experiences in Social Security, in general, in the area of social protection, which leads, among other programs, the Ibero-American Strategy on Safety and Health at Work, the Multilateral Ibero-American Social Security Agreement, the Ibero-American Seniors Program and the Employment of Persons with Disabilities, for mandate of the Ibero-American Heads of State and Government.

 Heidi Berner Herrera

Heidi Berner holds a BS in Economics from the University of Chile and a Master of Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
Before assuming as Under Secretary, she served as Adjunct Professor and Executive Director of the Extension Unit of the Department of Economics of the University of Chile, in addition to being the Director of the Diploma in Strategic Governmental, Local and Budget Management.
She was Head of the Management Control Division of the Budget Division of the Ministry of Finance between 2006 and 2010 and Coordinator of Impact Assessments of the same Division between 2001 and 2006.
Between the 2010 and 2014, she carried out a series of consultancies at national and international level

 Andreas Schaal

Mr. Andreas Schaal is the Director of OECD Global Relations and OECD G20 Sous Sherpa. In this capacity, he is responsible for the OECD’s relations with Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa as well as with growing regions like Southeast Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, South East Europe, Central Asia and the MENA region. He supports the Secretary General’s objectives for a regionally inclusive and globally relevant organisation. Andreas Schaal is a non-Resident Senior Fellow of the Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies at Renmin University of China (RDCY). Between 2013 – 2016, he served the organisation as the Head of the Sherpa Office and the Global Governance Unit at the OECD. He works with the OECD Chief of Staff and Sherpa to advance OECD contributions to key pillars of the global governance architecture, such as the G20, G7, APEC and the Deauville Partnership supporting Transition Countries in the MENA Region. He also represents the organisation as a Sous-Sherpa in the respective meetings. Since joining the OECD in 2008 he has also held positions as a Senior Policy Analyst in the Investment Division of the Directorate for Financial Markets and Enterprise Affairs, and as Counsellor in the Office of the Secretary General. Prior to joining the OECD, Mr. Schaal held various positions during his work for the German Federal Government, including Deputy Director G8 Summit/German Sherpa Office, Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Technology, Economic Counsellor, German Permanent Delegation to the OECD, Paris, Vice Chair (elected 2005-2006) of OECD’s Economic and Development Review Committee (EDRC) and Policy advisor and chief of staff to Parliamentary Secretary of State Siegmar Mosdorf, MP, Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Technology. Mr. Schaal, a German national, holds a Masters in Public Policy and Public Management from the University of Konstanz, Germany

 Grace Perez-Navarro

Grace Perez-Navarro is the Deputy Director of the OECD’s Centre for Tax Policy and Administration. As such, she plays a key role in the work on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS), improving international tax cooperation, promoting better tax policies and engaging developing countries in OECD tax work. Since joining the OECD in 1997, she has held several key positions, including having led the OECD’s work on bank secrecy, tax and e-commerce, harmful tax practices, money laundering and tax crimes, the tax aspects of countering bribery of foreign officials, and strengthening all forms of administrative cooperation between tax authorities.
Prior to joining the OECD, Ms. Perez-Navarro was a Special Counsel at the IRS Office of the Associate Chief Counsel (International) where she was responsible for coordinating guidance provided to field offices on international tax issues, overseeing litigation of international tax issues, negotiating TIEAs, overseeing the drafting of regulations, rulings and other policy advice and participating in treaty negotiations. In 1993, she was seconded by the IRS to the OECD to launch the revision of the OECD’s Transfer Pricing Guidelines.

 Stefano Scarpetta

Stefano Scarpetta is Director for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs at the OECD. Mr. Scarpetta joined the OECD in 1991 and held several positions in the Economics Department and in his current Directorate. He led several large-scale research projects, including: “Implementing the OECD Jobs Strategy”; the “Sources of Economic Growth in OECD Countries”; and contributed to others including “The Policy Challenges of Population Ageing” and “The Effects of Product Market Competition on Productivity and Labour Market Outcomes”. From 2002 to 2006 he worked at the World Bank, where he took over the responsibility of labour market advisor and lead economist. In this capacity, he coordinated a Bank-wide research program of Employment and Development and contributed extensively to the Bank’s investment climate assessments. He returned to the Economics Department of the OECD in November 2006 where he became the head of the Country Studies Division in charge of Japan, Korea, China, India, Mexico, Portugal, Denmark and Sweden. From March 2008 to June 2010, he was the editor of the OECD Employment Outlook and the Head of the Employment Analysis and Policy Division of the Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (DELSA). He became the Deputy Director of DELSA in June 2010 and in May 2013 he became Director.
He has published extensively in academic journals, including in the American Economic Review, The Economic Journal, Economic Policy and The International Journal of Industrial Organisation.
Mr. Scarpetta holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales (EHESS), Département et Laboratoire d’Economie Théorique Appliquée (DELTA) in Paris and a Master of Science in Economics from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

 Nora Lustig

Nora Lustig is Samuel Z. Stone Professor of Latin American Economics and Director of the Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Institute at Tulane University. Professor Lustig’s research focuses on economic development, poverty and inequality, and social policies in developing countries. She has published more than seventy articles and fifteen edited volumes and books. Her current research is centered on assessing the impact of taxation and social spending on inequality and poverty in low and middle income countries, and on the determinants of income distribution in Latin America. Prof. Lustig is a founding member and past president of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA) and was a co-director of the World Bank’s World Development Report 2000/1, Attacking Poverty. She is the editor of the Journal of Economic Inequality Forum and a member of the Inter-American Dialogue, the Center of Global Development’s Advisory Board, ECINEQ’s Executive Council, PEP’s Board of Directors, and the World Economic Forum’s Economic Growth and Social Inclusion Stewardship Board. She is also a Nonresident Fellow at the Center for Global Development and the Inter-American Dialogue. Prof. Lustig has served on the Atkinson Commission on Poverty and on the Stiglitz et al. Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress. She received her doctorate in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

 Ana Olivera

Borned in Montevideo on December 17, 1953. Ana Olivera is a French teacher, practicing until the year 2012 at Secondary Education. In 1995, she was appointed by Intendant Mariano Arana as Director of the Local Administration Division of the Municipality of Montevideo until the end of 1999. From 1999 until the middle of 2000 she was Director General of the Department of Decentralization. Between 2000 and 2003 she served as Director of the Region West Division. From 2003 to 2005, the General Directorate of the Department of Decentralization (which comprised the three regions in which the Department of Montevideo, the Health and Social Programs Division and the Sectoral Commissions for Youth, Children, Women, the Elderly and Social Management for Disability). From March 2005 to March 2010, she was Vice Minister of Social Development (including the National Drug Board, representing the Social Security Coordinating Committee, co-chairing the National Gender Council and chairing the National Council of Social Policies). In 2010 she was elected Intendent of Montevideo, a position she held from 2010 to 2015. Since 2015, she has been Vice Minister of Social Development, a position she holds until the day (including the National Drug Board, the National Commission for the Fight against AIDS, as representative of the Coordinating Committee for Social Security, co-chairing the National Gender Council and the Honorary Advisory Council for Children and Adolescents, and presiding over the National Council of Social Policies).

Lais Abramo

Sociologist, Master and PhD in Sociology from the University of São Paulo. Lais Abramo has been Director of the Social Development Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) since April 2015. From May 2005 to March 2015 she was Director of the International Labor Organization (ILO) Office in Brazil. She was a Regional Gender Specialist at the ILO (1999-2005), ILPES-ECLAC Social Affairs Officer (1995-1999), associate researcher at the ILO in Santiago de Chile (1988-1995), researcher at the Center for Cultural Studies Contemporary (CEDEC) (1982-1987), Coordinator of the Labor Movement Commission of CLACSO (1990-1995), lecturer at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (1986), full professor at the School of Sociology and Politics of S. Paulo (1984-1988), the University of Chile’s Christian Academy of Humanity (1990) and Universidad Arcis, Chile (1990-1991). She is the author of various publications on gender and labor market, trade unionism and labor relations, decent work, collective bargaining and social dialogue processes, among other topics.

Mónica Aspe

Ambassador Mónica Aspe took up her duties as Permanent Representative of Mexico to the OECD on 2 June 2017. Prior to her appointment, Ms. Aspe served in Mexico’s Ministry of Communications and Transportation, where she implemented telecommunications and digital policy. From 2015 to 2017, Ms. Aspe served as Undersecretary of Communications; and from 2011 to 2015, as Coordinator for the Information Society. Ms. Aspe was General Director at the National Broadcasting Chamber, from 2009 to 2011. Previously, she worked as a public policy consultant. Ms. Aspe also served in the Federal Electoral Institute, from 1999 to 2000. Ms. Aspe holds a Bachelor’s degree from the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM) and a Master’s degree from Columbia University, both in Political Science.

Pablo Gottret
Is the World Bank’s Manager for Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice in the Latin America and Caribbean Region since July 2017.  Before this position, he was the Manager for the same Global Practice in the South Asia Region between January 2012 and June 2017.  Before joining the management team, Mr. Gottret was Lead Economist for Human Development in the South Asia Region of the World Bank from 2008 to 2012 and the Lead Economist for Health Nutrition and Population from 2002 to 2008.  Prior to joining the Bank, Mr.  Gottret worked extensively in health financing and social protection reform programs in different countries of Latin America including Bolivian Argentina, Mexico and Colombia.  Mr. Gottret has Ph.D in Economics from Texas A&M University, has published several books as well as articles in different journals and has acted as speaker in several international conferences.
Claudia Serrano

Ambassador Claudia Serrano has an extensive experience as a consultant and researcher in the fields of definition and implementation of public policies, particularly concerning decentralization, regional development and poverty alleviation. She has published several articles, documents, and edited volumes on these areas of research. She has been a professor at the Sociology Institute of Chile’s Catholic University and lecturer in the Master’s program in Public Policy and Management in the Department of Industrial Engineering of the University of Chile, and also in the Public Policy Diploma program in the Department of Economics.

From 1994 to 1995, she was the Program Head of FOSIS (the Fund for Solidarity and Social Investment) at the Ministry of Planning. In 1996 and 1997 she worked as a researcher at CIEPLAN (the Economic Research Corporation for Latin America), where she also worked in the 1980s. Ambassador Serrano held several top-level positions in the first administration of President Michelle Bachelet. She was Undersecretary of Regional and Administrative Development within the Ministry of the Interior and, from 2008 to 2010; she served as Minister of Labor and Social Security. Since June 2010, she served as the Executive Director of the Latin American Center for Rural Development—known as RIMISP.

In March 2014 she was appointed Permanent Representative of Chile to the OECD. In this capacity, she chaired the 2016 Ministerial Council Meeting preparations and has co-chaired the OECD Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Program. In 2017 Ambassador Serrano has been nominated as Chair of the Group of Friends of Inclusive Growth. She has a BD in Sociology by the Catholic University of Chile and a PhD in Sociology by the École de Hautes Études Sociales (Paris).

Paula Escobar

She is currently in charge of the Social Development Direction from the National Planning Department and is responsible of 5 Sub directorate: Employment and Social Security, Health, Education, Social Promotion and Quality of Life and Gender. Before assuming this position, she has worked for more than 2 years as Director of Social Promotion and Quality of Life.

Economist from the National University of Colombia, with double MA title on: economics from the Universidad de los Andes in Colombia and Master in Public Administration in International Development, HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Kennedy School of Government. She has participated in the formulation of several projects in ​​poverty reduction field and in the formulation and implementation of instruments for targeting the programs and strategies of the Colombian social protection system. Highlighting positions on ​​social promotion area like: Director of the Sub directorate of Social Promotion and Quality of Life and advisor for the Presidential Social Action Agency. Likewise, she has contributed to definition of the main policies and goals on education, culture and sport as Director of Education on National Planning Department and as coordinator for the National Service of Learning.

Ángel Melguizo

Is Head of the Latin American and Caribbean Unit at the OCDE Development Center, coordinating the OECD’s flagship publication on Latin America, Latin American Economic Outlook.

He worked as Lead Specialist in the Labor Markets Unit at the Inter-American Development Bank, where he was Pension coordinator. Previously, he was a Senior Adviser at the Economic Bureau of the Spanish Prime Minister, and a Principal Economist at the BBVA Financial Group, specializing in research on pension reform in Latin America, fiscal policy, and long-term economic growth.

He holds a Ph.D. in public economics and a B.A. in economics from Complutense University of Madrid.

Piritta Sorsa

Since 2008, Piritta Sorsa has been Head of Country Studies Division in the OECD’s Economics Department currently supervising country work on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Iceland, India, Lithuania, Russia, South Africa and Tunisia. The outputs for these country desks consist principally of producing a biennial country survey on key macroeconomic and structural topics and forecasts for the countries published in the OECD’s ‘Economic Outlook’. Ms Sorsa also oversees the production of the Spanish version of the ‘Economic Outlook’.

Prior to her time at the OECD, Ms Sorsa was Advisor and Senior Economist with the International Monetary Fund in Washington DC, USA. She was responsible for macroeconomic assessments of various emerging markets (Algeria, Chile, Korea, Eastern Europe); mission chief for a number of IMF loan programs and macroeconomic reports (Honduras, Guyana, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro). Ms Sorsa was resident representative in Bulgaria 2001-03.

Between 1985 and 1994, Ms Sorsa passed from Young professional, Economist to Senior Economist at the World Bank in Washington DC, USA. During her time at the World Bank, Ms Sorsa worked on country strategies and conducted analytical work on issues related to structural adjustment programs and loans, private sector development, trade and environment issues (the Baltics, Africa and Thailand). Ms Sorsa’s first professional experience was with UNCTAD, ILO and IUHEI, Geneva Switzerland between 1980 and 1984 where she began her career as an economist and research assistant.